To attract your email recipients' attention to a particular message, you can set its importance / priority level to "high". How that message appears to them depends on the webmail provider, desktop email client, or mobile mail app they are using. But in nearly all cases, that email will look different, somehow. This screenshot shows a low-importance and a high-importance message in my inbox in Outlook 2016. In iPhone Mail, no indication was shown either way.
The fact that the low-priority message (previous screenshot) didn't look any different than normal, standard emails leads me to another point: if you are considering marking an email as not important, it may be wiser to consider not send that message in the first place. Sounds harsh, I know, but too much of a good thing (emails from you!) can sometimes be less good to recipients :)
When you compose a new email, the Message tab should automatically be selected. (Tip: you can make Outlook always show the ribbon.) The priority levels are automatically shown on the right: click on High Importance to give that email a high priority; click once more to revert to "normal importance", the default. Click Low Importance to mark it as low priority; click again to change it back to "normal". High Importance is like "ASAP": to be used judiciously!
Bonus Tip: you can also change the default priority level for all messages you compose in Outlook. Unless you work for a collection agency or some critical government agency, you probably shouldn't automatically set an importance level, but the setting is there if you want it. In Outlook 2016 / 2013 / 2010, click on the File menu (top left), and select Options from the Backstage view.
Select the Mail settings on the left, and scroll down until you see the Send Messages header. Under the Default Importance Level dropdown, which is appropriately set to Normal by default, pick either Low or High. Click OK.