By default, Chrome (which is built and maintained by Google) automatically offers to translate web pages not in your Chrome language. Since I have Chrome set to English, visiting a page written in French or Spanish shows the popup. If you speak a particular language besides English, you don't want to see that popup for that particular language. Chrome lets you hide the translate popup for specific languages, or turn off Google Translate altogether!
I don't want pages written in French to be translated. So, when the "Would you like to translate this page" popup appears, I just tell Chrome that I don't need the Google Translate service by clicking on the dropdown arrow in the Nope button, and by choosing "Never translate [language name]". But also notice that Chrome lets you exclude specific websites, without affecting your language settings: choose "Never translate this site" to add a site exception!
To disable all Chrome translation services, click on the menu button (three bars or dots, in the top right corner of the window), and choose "Settings".
To go faster, type "language" in the search box at the top: it hide options unrelated to your language settings. To completely turn off translation, for all languages, uncheck the Offer to translate pages that aren't in a language you read checkbox. In that case, you are done! Close the Settings tab.
If you only want to exclude specific languages, click on the Manage languages link on the right of that checkbox. Then, click on the Add button: pick a language from the dropdown, and click OK. Keep going until you've added all the languages you speak (or at least understand well enough to read!)